Scholarly Resources

The Availability of Indium: The Present, Medium Term, and Long Term

The demand for indium could intensify significantly if thin-film materials relying on this element—specifically, copper-indium-gallium-selenide (CIGS) and III-V thin-films—become preferred photovoltaic (PV) materials. National Renewable Energy Lab

View Resource

Recovery of Rare Earth Metals from Fluorescent Lamps

A group of scientists at the University of Leuven in Belgium has developed a novel method for the recovery and separation of two rare earth elements – europium and yttrium – from fluorescent lamps and low-energy light bulbs.

View Resource

Transportation and Rare Earths

In the fast-moving world of transportation, everything from minivans to drones benefits from the inclusion of rare earth elements. The benefits range from better fuel efficiency to pollution reduction. Rare Earth Technology Alliance

View Resource